What Are the Punctuation Marks in English Grammar? Rules with Examples | Studystack.net

 

Punctuation

 

We use punctuation marks in sentences so that we may understand them clearly.

1.    Capital Letters

1.     The first letter of a sentence is always capital.

Ms. Shazia is my teacher.

The horse is useful animal.

What are you doing?

Man is mortal.

2.     The first letter of proper noun is always capital.

We live in Pakistan.

He studied in Central Model School.

Our leader is the Quaid e Azam.

3.     The pronoun ‘I’ is always capital.

She and I are friends.

He ,she, it, you and I are pronouns.

My father and I went to Karachi.

4.     The name of months and days are always capital.

We shall go there on Sunday.

Sana was born in October.

Our classes will start in April.

5.     The first letter of each line of poem is mostly capital.

Baa, baa, black sheep,

Yankee Doodle came to town,

Have you any wool?

Riding on a pony;

Yes sir, yes sir,

Three bags full;

And called it macaroni.

 

2.     Full Stop (.)

 

1.      We put a full stop(.) at the end of a positive and negative sentences.

     Haider is my fast friend.

     They are brave.

     We are not idle.

     Sana is not my fast friend.

 

2.     We use full stop (.) in most abbreviations.

      Doctor Dr.      Government  Govt.

 

 

3.     Question Mark (?)

 

We put a question mark at the end of a sentence that is a question.

 

Is Noman at home?

Do you eat meat?

Where is your bag?

What is your name?

 

4.     Exclamation mark (!)

 

We put an exclamation mark (!) at the end of an exclamatory sentence or an exclamation word.

 

How clever of you!

Hurrah! We have won the match.

What a nice guy he is!

Alas! My sister failed in test.

Wow ! you have reached in time.

What nice weather !

 

5.     Comma (,)

 

1.     We put a comma (,) to separate things in a list.

2.     When we join two sentences with and, or and but, we put a comma before them.

3.     When “yes” and “no” are used at the beginning of a sentence, we put a comma after them.

4.     When we call someone’s name, we put a comma after the name.

 

6.     Quotation Mark  (“ “)

 

Quotation marks are also called inverted commas. The British use single quotation mark (‘ ‘) but the American use double quotation mark (“ “ ) . They are used to enclose a direct speech of a person.

 

   Example

1.     Asif said, “ I am a very good cook.”

2.     He says, “ we will work hard.”

3.     The teacher said, “ open your books.”

4.     My father said, “ why are you quiet? ”

 

 

7.     Colon (:)

 

A colon (:) is used to introduce a list of items.

1.     The main features of the book are as follows : it is easy , full of pictures and full of knowledge.

2.     If you make tea, you need: tea leaves, milk and water.

3.     My father purchased for the birthday party : balloons, cake, candles, and capes.

4.     We play many games: cricket, hockey, football and badminton.

 

8.     Semicolon (; ) 

 

Semicolons are sometimes used instead of full stops to separate short sentences.

            Some people work best in the morning; other do better in the evenings.

            The sun was already low in the sky; it would soon be dark.

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