The English Alphabet

Lesson 1

The English Alphabet


The letters which represents the basic sounds of English are called the English Alphabet.
There are 26 letters in the English alphabet.
1.       The English alphabet can be written in two shapes: Small and Capital.
Small letters:   a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
Capital letters: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
2.       The English alphabet has 26 letters: 21 consonants, 5 vowels.
21 Consonants: b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x y z
5 Vowels: a e i o u
Vowels

A vowel is a sound pronounced with an open vocal tract, so that the tongue does not touch the lips, teeth or roof of the mouth. The vowel letters help other letters to make proper sound. The English alphabet has five vowels letters i.e. a, e, i, o, u and 21 consonants i.e. b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x y z
There are six short vowels, five long vowels and eight diphthongs



Symbols
At the beginning
In the Middle
1
 /      a      as        in
add            am           apple
Rat        pan      fast
2
 / e/      e      as        in
          edge         end           elf
Pen       bed      net
3
  / I/    i       as        in
ink             ill               igloo
Fish       kick     ship
4
 / ɒ /      o     as        in
ox              on             office
Frog       lock     pond
5
/ ʌ /        u    as        in
     up             under       umbrella
Hut        bug       bus
6
/  ʊ /             as        in

Book      wool     pull

                                                                               
5 long vowel Symbols




Symbols
At the beginning
In the Middle
1
  / a: /      a      as        in
Army       almond         alm
Star        car       bar
2
  / i: /      e      as        in
          Eel           Egypt             jeep
Week     feeble   kneel
3
/ ɔ: /        o     as        in
         Born         horse            force

4
/ u: /         u    as        in
         Loose       boon            foolish
Zoo        doom    room
5
 / ɜ: /              as        in
         Burn         nurse           shirt
Worm   curtain   certain

A diphthong is a sound made by combining two vowels, specifically when it starts as one vowel sound and goes to another, like the oy sound in oil. Diphthongs are also included in long vowels
Examples
Buy
Eye
Lie
Right
Laid
Shout
How
Allow
Power
Voice
Joy
Low
Clay
Foil
Shout
Coin
Tower
Shower
May
Say

Exercise

1.       Define vowels and consonants with examples
2.       What are short and long vowels? Explain with examples.
3.       What are diphthongs? Explain with examples.
4.       Write down five words with ‘igh’ silent letters.
Name

alphabetical order Digraph English alphabet English Grammar silient letter Syllable trigraph word vs syllable
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StudyStack - Learn With Us: The English Alphabet
The English Alphabet
A diphthong is a sound made by combining two vowels, specifically when it starts as one vowel sound and goes to another
StudyStack - Learn With Us
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